Welcome new and renewing members!

Summer is almost here and we want to make sure our members are up to speed with the Department of State's continuous efforts to provide U.S. citizens traveling abroad with information about safety and security events, we are updating the Worldwide Caution with information on the continuing threat of terrorist actions, political violence, and criminal activity against U.S. citizens and interests abroad.

As terrorist attacks, political upheaval, and violence often take place without any warning, U.S. citizens are strongly encouraged to maintain a high level of vigilance and take appropriate steps to increase their security awareness when traveling. To better prepare for possible emergencies, U.S. citizens are encouraged to read Country Specific Information pages, Travel Warnings, and Travel Alerts on travel.state.gov before planning a trip.

Travelers are urged to enroll in the Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) to receive security messages and make it easier to locate you in an emergency.  The Department uses these security messages to convey information about terrorist threats, security incidents, planned demonstrations, natural disasters, etc. In an emergency, please contact the nearest U.S. Embassy or Consulate or call the following numbers: 1-888-407-4747 (toll-free in the United States and Canada) or 1-202-501-4444 from other countries.

In Other News

As we mentioned in our last Enews, the IACSP, in cooperation with The S2Institute, have launched cATO™, the Certified Anti-Terrorism Officer (cATO™) Credential.   Becoming board certified as a Certified Anti-Terrorism Officer distinguishes you in the security and public safety profession by demonstrating your expertise in the specialized field of managing terrorism-related risk and commitment to the safety and welfare of your community.

To learn more about this certification program, please visit: https://catocertification.org/

At the time of this Enews, there may be areas of the websites that are not active since it is currently being updated. Website should be completely operational end of July.

IACSP News For New Members

Just a reminder, IACSP is now on Twitter.  If you would like to be part of our Twitter conversations, please sign up and "Follow Us"  @iacsp.  We will be posting frequently and so feel free to join the group.


Also, as I mention in all of our monthly Enews, we have a IACSP Linkedin Group which is one of the largest and active professional security groups on Linkedin. If you would like to join the group, please email me at iacsp1@aol.com and I will send you the group link. As you know, LinkedIn is a great networking tool for professionals. Our group has really taken off and there are plenty of interesting discussions every day. Over 6,000 security professionals have joined in the last 18 months!


Our Spring Issue is in the mail and our Summer issue is due to go out mid to late August.


Until next month, be safe and vigilant.


Steven J. Fustero/Dir. Of Ops/IACSP







Terrorism Trends Global Overview 

Second Quarter 2017


Last month saw a new escalation in the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, while in Libya deadly fighting in the south and in Tripoli dimmed prospects for reconciliation and bodes ill for June. In Egypt, the Islamic State (ISIS) orchestrated another major attack on Christians. Insurgent violence took a high toll on civilians in the Philippines and Afghanistan, and a bombing in Thailand's deep south injured scores. Attacks on Sri Lanka's Muslim community were a sign of rising tensions. In Africa, violence involving armed groups surged in the Central African Republic, jihadist attacks rose in Kenya, and former rebels now soldiers mutinied for the second time this year in Côte d'Ivoire. Further fragmentation of criminal organizations in Mexico fuelled violence. In a positive turn, Macedonia finally got a new government, offering a way out of the longstanding political crisis. There were two terrorist attacks in the UK, London and Manchester.


Trends and Outlook

The conflict between Azerbaijan and Armenia overNagorno-Karabakh escalated as both sides launched attacks, and there are signs that hostilities could worsen further in June. A deadlocked diplomatic process, deep mutual distrust between the leaders and a renewed appetite for confrontation have brought Armenia and Azerbaijan closer to war than at any point since the 1994 ceasefire. Both have been increasing their military capabilities, raising the temptation to resort to force.

Last month in the meeting between the head of Libya's internationally recognized government, Faiez al-Serraj, and his major military opponent, General Khalifa Haftar, the first in over a year, suggested new communication channels were opening up, even if talk of a deal was premature. But another round of deadly attacks in the south and in the capital Tripoli severely dimmed hopes for meaningful dialogue on Libya's future and heightened the risk of worse conflict in June. In neighboring Egypt, ISIS continued to kill Christians and launched its first major attack in Upper Egypt which left at least 29 dead.

In the Philippines, President Duterte declared martial law in the southern island of Mindanao on 23 May after some 100 militants took over large parts of Marawi City. ISIS claimed responsibility for the assault, which followed an attempted raid on the hideout of an Abu Sayyaf group leader. Authorities reported over 100 killed, including 89 militants, and over 170,000 residents were forced to flee as the military fought to retake the city. In Thailand's deep south, a bomb at a department store in Pattani on 9 May injured some 80 civilians. The indiscriminate attack against Malay-Muslims, claimed by the main insurgent Barisan Revolusi Nasional, represents a worrying departure from the group's normal tactics. In Bangkok, three bombings during the weeks leading up to the anniversary of the 2014 coup, including one in an army-run hospital, undermined the government's claim to have restored order and security. In Afghanistan, a truck bomb exploded close to Kabul's heavily guarded diplomatic area during the morning rush hour on 31 May, killing at least 90 people.

In Kenya, as potentially violent elections loom in August, Al-Shabaab increased attacks on security forces and civilians in the north east, mostly in Mandera and Garissa counties. Jihadists carried out nine attacks from 8 to 25 May killing eighteen people. In the Central African Republic, violence involving armed groups including factions of the former Seleka rebel alliance and anti-balaka and Fulani militias rose in the south, east and north west, leaving at least 300 dead and an estimated 100,000 displaced. Unidentified assailants also targeted UN peacekeepers. Former rebels integrated into Côte d'Ivoire's army who mutinied in January again left their barracks. They blocked roads and fired shots in the air in Bouaké, the capital Abidjan and six other cities until the government agreed to pay them more money.

The number of reported homicides in Mexico, already at levels unseen since the peak of 2011, continued to cause alarm, as further fragmentation of organized criminal gangs fuelled intra-cartel violence in Tamaulipas state in the north east and the Pacific Coast states of Sinaloa, Guerrero and Michoacán. Among the more than 100 average monthly killings in Sinaloa state this year, the murder of three teachers, a respected lawyer and a well-known journalist generated widespread outrage and protests.

Sri Lanka saw a sharp increase in militant Buddhist violence and intimidation against Muslims. The spike comes amid a gradual collapse of momentum for reform, which, as Crisis Group argues in a new report, has resulted in a noticeable rise in tensions - evident around commemorations of the eighth anniversary of the end of the civil war (1983-2009). To reduce the risks of social and political conflict, the unity government must put aside short-term political calculations and return to its original good governance and reconciliation agenda.

Deteriorating Situations

Central African Republic, Kenya, Côte d'Ivoire, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Thailand, Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan), Mexico, Egypt, Libya

Improved Situations


Future Outlook

Conflict Risk Alerts

Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan), Libya

Resolution Opportunities


Source: https://www.crisisgroup.org/crisiswatch

Search current and previous CrisisWatch latest updates.









U.S., Coalition
Continue Strikes to Defeat ISIS

U.S. and coalition military forces continued to attack the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria conducting 30 strikes consisting of 51 engagements, Combined Joint Task Force Operation Inherent Resolve officials reported recently.


Officials reported details of the latest strikes, noting that assessments of results are based on initial reports.

Strikes in Syria

In Syria, coalition military forces conducted 23 strikes consisting of 36 engagements against ISIS targets:

  • Near Abu Kamal, two strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed an ISIS wellhead and a vehicle.
  • Near Dayr Az Zawr, seven strikes destroyed four ISIS wellheads, four ISIS oil tanks, an ISIS oil truck, an ISIS oil storage tank and an ISIS oil storage trailer.
  • Near Raqqa, 14 strikes engaged nine ISIS tactical units and destroyed eight fighting positions, two vehicles, two anti-air artillery systems, a front-end loader and a tactical vehicle.

Strikes in Iraq

In Iraq, coalition military forces conducted seven strikes consisting of 15 engagements against ISIS targets:

  • Near Huwayjah, a strike destroyed three ISIS-held buildings and an improvised-explosive-device factory.
  • Near Mosul, a strike engaged an ISIS tactical unit and destroyed two fighting positions, a mortar system and a rocket-propelled grenade system.
  • Near Qaim, two strikes destroyed a vehicle-borne-IED factory and a tactical vehicle.
  • Near Rawah, a strike destroyed a vehicle-borne IED.
  • Near Tal Afar, two strikes engaged an ISIS tactical unit; destroyed a mortar system, a fighting position, an ISIS-held building and a heavy machine gun; and damaged a tunnel and a fighting position.

Other Strikes

Task force officials also reported details today about strikes that occurred May 30 and for which details were not available in time for yesterday's report:

  • Near Raqqa in Syria, a strike destroyed an ISIS command-and-control node.
  • Near Mosul in Iraq, two strikes engaged two ISIS tactical units; destroyed two fighting positions, a heavy machine gun, a vehicle and a vehicle-borne IED; damaged a fighting position; and suppressed an ISIS tactical unit.

Part of Operation Inherent Resolve

These strikes were conducted as part of Operation Inherent Resolve, the operation to destroy ISIS in Iraq and Syria. The destruction of ISIS targets in Iraq and Syria also further limits the group's ability to project terror and conduct external operations throughout the region and the rest of the world, task force officials said.

The list above contains all strikes conducted by fighter, attack, bomber, rotary-wing or remotely piloted aircraft; rocket-propelled artillery; and some ground-based tactical artillery when fired on planned targets, officials noted.

Source: DHS.gov










Six Reasons Why
Stopping Terrorism Is So Challenging

A January 2017 Pew survey showed that Americans rate terrorism as the top priority for the Trump administration and Congress. They put the issue ahead of the economy, education, jobs and health care costs.

For the past 12 years as Director of the National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, I have worked with colleagues to improve understanding of terrorism by studying its causes and consequences. One of our largest and most extensive projects has involved compiling all terrorist attacks worldwide since 1970 into the Global Terrorism Database (GTD).

Based on this work, six issues stand out to me as major challenges for developing effective policy on countering terrorism.

#1: Terrorism is rare

For most places and times, terrorism is an incredibly rare event.

In many recent years, the United States has experienced fewer than 25 terrorist attacks. At the same time, there are about 13,000 homicides and 360,000 robberies every year in the United States. In recent years, worldwide traffic accidents have claimed the lives of roughly 100 times more people than those killed by terrorists.

Even important groups like al-Qaida have committed relatively few attacks. The GTD shows al-Qaida has been responsible for only 59 attacks over its entire lifespan and only five attacks since 2008. The fact that terrorism is so rare means that we have limited ability to do statistical analysis and reach general policy conclusions.

#2: Mass attacks are rarer still

While terrorism is rare, mass casualty attacks are even rarer.

Over half of all terrorist attacks in the GTD since 1970 included no fatalities. The GTD identifies only 17 attacks from around the world that claimed more than 300 lives. Of the more than 156,000 terrorist attacks in the GTD, the coordinated attack of 9/11, which took the lives of nearly 3,000 people, is still the deadliest attack in modern history.

Apart from 9/11 no attack on the U.S. homeland in half a century has claimed the lives of more than 200 people. The closest was the 168 victims of the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, orchestrated by Timothy McVeigh.

Because a few deadly but highly unusual attacks attract so much concern, terrorism policies tend to be based on extremely rare and unusual events rather than the thousands of more common but less spectacular ones. In my opinion, policies based on extreme outliers can have serious and perhaps unforeseen implications.

#3. Prevention is improving

A growing number of terrorist attacks - especially in the United States and Western Europe - are being foiled as plots. This is obviously good news in terms of protecting citizens and saving lives. Another consequence is that policymakers have diminishing information on the actual seriousness of threats because the attackers are being stopped before their plans are actualized.

#4. Terrorist groups are not all alike

Terrorist organizations are extremely diverse which makes generalizations even more difficult.

When most people think of terrorist groups an image comes to mind of some well-organized and highly-publicized entity like the Islamic State or al Shabaab. In reality, it's hard to generalize about terrorist groups. On one extreme are individuals who have no recognized links to a terrorist organization - so-called lone wolves. On the other end of the spectrum are highly organized groups that persist over time, have a well-defined chain of command and a stable leadership. In between are loosely connected small groups as well as shadowy networks - for example, Neo Nazis or radical Islamists. All of these disparate entities are typically in a state of flux. Change is constant; stability rare.

Of the more than 2,300 unique terrorist organizations identified in the GTD since 1970, nearly 70 percent had a life span of less than a year. Terrorist organizations are a bit like business startups: Most are gone within the first year of operation. It is one thing to respond to a well-organized group, with clear leadership, a chain of command and an identifiable membership. But responses are much more complicated when there is no central organization, no identifiable leader or only an ill-defined group of individuals with varying connections and commitments undergoing constant change.

#5. Assigning responsibility is tough

Attributing responsibility for a terrorist attack is often ambiguous or impossible.

Data from the GTD shows that no terrorist group can be assigned responsibility in nearly 60 percent of the thousands of attacks that occurred worldwide since 1970. Attacks may be launched by loners who are working more or less independently of any specific group. In other cases, more than one group may claim the attack. Or a group may claim responsibility when in reality it had no connection to the attack, or a group may claim incorrectly that another group was accountable.

Analysts may simply never have enough information to reach a conclusion or to distinguish between competing accounts. Following a terrorist attack, governments are under enormous pressure to identify the guilty party and offer a swift response. But how can officials punish wrongdoers and deter others from engaging in terrorist attacks when they never know for sure who the culprit is?

#6: We're still developing strategy

Finally, while researchers are making great progress in developing a framework for the scientific study of terrorism, the study of counter terrorism is still in its infancy. While it is difficult to get an accurate grasp of terrorist threats, it is even harder to evaluate the strategies used by governments to counter terrorism. Governments are extremely secretive about their counter terrorism policies and strategies. And certainly there is nothing close to a worldwide database on counter terrorism strategies and their effectiveness.

Making better policy

The terrorist threat in the United States is episodic, sporadic and inconsistent. Too often policies react to fear rather than real threat estimates. For example, there is no empirical evidence to support President Trump's recent decision to ban citizens of six majority-Muslim countries from travel to the U.S. in the name of preventing terrorist infiltration. Trump's executive order of March 2017 would halt travel from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen. But no one from these countries has been involved in a fatal terrorist attack in the United States since 9/11.

What's more, these policies are hard to undo. For example, the USA Patriot Act, passed in the chaotic aftermath of 9/11, was designed to "deter and punish terrorist acts," but was quickly expanded by law enforcement officials to prosecute drug offenses and other non-terrorist crimes. Such an expansion raises concerns about privacy and the power of the federal government.

Successful policy requires collecting the best information possible, honestly accessing it and avoiding over reaction.

Source: Gary LaFree, Professor of Criminology and Criminal Justice, University of Maryland

This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.









5 Lessons for Us
From the Manchester Bombing

Here are 5 lessons from the bombing and follow-up investigation, in no particular order:

  1. Manchester is a hub in the Islamist insurgency network. Items left in memorial for the victims of the Manchester attack.

It was a single bomb set off by a single jihadist, but he belonged to a hub in the Islamist insurgency. Apparently, independent Islamists often exist in geographic clusters that are linked together through a multilayered infrastructure. South Manchester is one such cluster.


Earlier this year,The Guardian found that 16 convicted or killed terrorists lived within a 2.5-mile space in southern Manchester. That was before the bombing and the subsequent arrests in the area.

Manchester became a hub for the global Islamist insurgency because Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) members fled there to escape the wrath of then Libyan dictator Qaddafi. The LIFG developed an infrastructure in Manchester and other parts of the UK to continue the jihad away from Qaddafi's grip.

  1. Islamists who condemn ISIS are

still part of the problem-and that includes the Didsbury Mosque in Manchester

Yes, the imam of the Didsbury Mosque, also known as the Manchester Islamic Center, is said to have condemned ISIS and Ansar al-Sharia (the al-Qaeda affiliate linked to the Benghazi attacks), which enraged Salman Abedi. The mosque banned Abedi after he confronted the imam, accusing him of talking "bullocks" [sic] and says it reported him to the proper authorities.


It's still not good enough.


Salman Abedi's father, a known member of the al-Qaeda-linked LIFG, was a long-time mosque official who led the call to prayer. Salman's brother, who has since been arrested, is a teaching assistant for Arabic classes at the mosque's school.


The Quilliam Foundation, a moderate Muslim organization, says those who originally formed the Libyan community in Manchester attended the Didsbury Mosque because it was Arab and run by the Muslim Brotherhood.


The mosque also has a history of choosing guest lecturers who spout radicalism of the vilest nature.


With this type of preaching, it isn't hard to see how Abedi could be motivated to take that extra step to join ISIS or al-Qaeda or why at least two other ISIS recruits worshipped at the mosque.

  1. We must dismantle the Islamist ideological infrastructure that produces violent jihad and its prerequisite radicalism.

Notice the overlaps in membership and brands of Islamism in the above lesson. Because jihadist groups are just a manifestation of the Islamist ideology, group membership is fluid. A recent study found that half of the most prominent violent jihadists came from tamer Islamist movements not directly engaged in violence.

A mosque operated by the Muslim Brotherhood/Hamas was a centerpiece in setting up the LIFG's network in Manchester, even though LIFG was aligned with al-Qaeda, supposedly a rival of the Brotherhood and Hamas. This same network produces ISIS recruits, even though the mosque imam condemns ISIS, as does the Brotherhood and other parts of the LIFG network.

That is why the common thread-the Islamist ideology and the factories producing it-must be the focus of our efforts. As Elliot Friedland wrote about, a Muslim woman called into BBC's

Question Time program and warned that Saudi-trained clerics were coming into her community and promoting Wahhabism to children as young as seven.

  1. The anti-Islamists are your allies, not the "moderate" Islamists.

The investigation into the Manchester bombing is resulting in scrutiny of the LIFG network in the U.K. that spawned so many al-Qaeda and ISIS recruits. It's worth pointing out that our Egyptian and Libyan allies are fighting that

same network and have been asking for U.S. help in defeating them since the civil war began in 2011.

 After Libyan dictator Qaddafi fell, a very predictable civil war between "moderate" Islamist militias and secular-democratic forces began. ISIS gained a foothold and fought both. The civil war became a proxy war between the anti-Islamist secularists backed by Egypt and the United Arab Emirates and a coalition of Islamists backed by Qatar, Turkey and Sudan that includes al-Qaeda-linked Ansar al-Sharia, the Libyan Muslim Brotherhood and the successors to the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group-the group whose network bred the Manchester terror hub.

  1. The Western security agencies are not on the ball.

MI5 has 500 active investigations and 3,000 subjects of interest. There are reports that there's anadditional20,000 considered to pose a "residual risk" because they were previously investigated. It appears that Abedi was considered a "residual risk."

Abedi was reported to the government 5 times over 5 years by people who felt he posed a serious terrorist threat. This count presumably includes two friends who separately reported him in 2012 and 2016 after he justified suicide bombings and expressed support for terrorism. Members of his own family warned he was "dangerous."

He was still able to travel to Libya and Turkey (where he may have entered Syria) without questioning upon his return. He also visited Germany, and the Germans say he did not appear on any watch lists.

Now it's being reported the U.S. government told MI5 in early January that Abedi was part of a North African cell of ISIS members plotting an attack on a political target, which was thought to be an assassination. According to the unconfirmed report, the U.S. put Abedi on a watch list in mid-2016 after intercepting some of his communications.

Terrorists are often recruited by family members or close friends. The Abedi family's ties to LIFG, involvement with a radical mosque, location near so many other terrorists in Manchester, the father's move to Libya and involvement in the fighting, and various tips should have put him higher up on the priority list.


Source: Ryan Mauro is ClarionProject.org 's Shillman Fellow and national security analyst and an adjunct professor of counter-terrorism. He is frequently interviewed on top-tier television and radio.







Terror Threat To Singapore 

At Highest Level In Recent Years


The rising tide of extremism worldwide has not left Singapore untouched, and it faces its highest terror threat level in recent years, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) said yesterday.

"Singapore was specifically targeted in the past year, and the regional threat has heightened," the MHA said in its first Singapore Terrorism Threat Assessment Report.

In October last year, an Arabic online publication titled The Fall Of The Idol: External Action And Individual Jihad singled out two entities here as potential targets - part of a wider bid to bring down United States and Western interests.

The Straits Times understands that the targets were the Singapore Exchange and a port.

MHA said security measures have been ramped up in the areas.

Saying that security agencies remain on high vigilance, it added: "The public should continue to stay alert and be prepared."

The report said that the worsening threat in the region arose mainly from terror group Islamic State in Iraq and Syria (ISIS) and its affiliates.

In the Philippines, a group calling itself "IS East Asia" overran Marawi City in Mindanao late last month.

At home, the threat remains very serious, the ministry added.

"Singapore is a key target. We have taken part in international coalitions against terrorism, and we represent many things that are anathema to ISIS," said the report.

Singapore is a secular democracy and host to economic and commercial interests from Western nations that ISIS considers "infidels", it added.

There have already been two ISIS plots to attack the country that the authorities have been aware of.

In the first half of last year, there was "reliable information" that foreign ISIS militants were considering carrying out an attack, and the authorities moved to mitigate the threat, said the MHA.

And last August, the Indonesian authorities foiled a plot by terrorists in Batam who planned to launch a rocket attack on Marina Bay.

Singapore also faces the risk of an attack by those influenced by ISIS propaganda.

Between 2007 and 2014, 11 radicalized Singaporeans were dealt with under the Internal Security Act. But the numbers have been growing, and since 2015, the Act has been used against 14 radicalized Singaporeans.

A strong community response is critical in detecting and reporting radicalized individuals, MHA said.

Source: Excerpts from an article written by Danson Cheong from The Straits Times, Singapore  







DHS Secretary Kelly Releases
Hurricane Preparedness Video

Secretary of Homeland Security John F. Kelly released a video to kick off the official start of hurricane season, which begins today, June 1st. Secretary Kelly urged Americans in the potential path of a hurricane to know their risk, prepare, and stay informed. Secretary Kelly also reiterated that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) continue to work closely with their private sector, state, and local partners to detect, prepare, and respond to the threat of natural disasters.

Recently, Secretary Kelly visited the National Hurricane Center in Miami, Florida for an operational briefing regarding the 2017 hurricane season. Secretary Kelly was joined by Florida Governor Rick Scott and officials from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and the National Hurricane Center, as well as FEMA's Hurricane Liaison Team.

To watch Secretary Kelly's video message go to:








IACSP Reader's Lounge


From the death of Bin Laden

to the rise of the Islamic State

Ali Soufan (Author)

A compelling, definitive account of how and why bin Laden's ideology keeps rising from the dead.

In early 2011, the heart of the Muslim world roiled in protest, consumed with the upheaval of the Arab Spring. The governments of Tunisia and Egypt had already fallen; those of Libya and Yemen would soon follow. Watching the chaos from his hideout in Pakistan, Osama bin Laden saw a historic opportunity: "The next stage," he declared, "will be the reinstating of the rule of the caliphate."

In Anatomy of Terror, former FBI special agent and New York Times best-selling author Ali Soufan dissects bin Laden's brand of jihadi terrorism and its major offshoots, revealing how these organizations were formed, how they operate, their strengths, and - crucially - their weaknesses. This riveting account examines the new Islamic radicalism through the eyes of its flag-bearers, including a Jordanian former drug dealer whose cruelties shocked even his fellow militants, an Air Force colonel who once served Saddam Hussein, and a provincial bookworm who declared himself caliph of all Muslims. We meet Ayman al-Zawahiri, titular head of al-Qaeda; Saif al-Adel, an Egyptian ex-soldier who faked his own death to become the group's security chief; and bin Laden's own beloved son Hamza, a prime candidate to lead the organization his late father founded.

To eliminate the scourge of terrorism, we must first know who the enemy actually is, and what his motivations are. Anatomy of Terror lays bare the psychology and inner workings of al-Qaeda, the Islamic State, and their spawn, and shows how the spread of terror can be stopped.

Available at: www.amazon.com






IACSP Reader's Lounge

The Exile: The Stunning Inside Story

of Osama bin Laden and Al Qaeda in Flight

May 23, 2017

by Adrian Levy and Catherine Scott-Clark


From September 11, 2001 to May 2, 2011, Osama Bin Laden evaded intelligence services and special forces units, drones and hunter killer squads.

The Exile tells the extraordinary inside story of that decade through the eyes of those who witnessed it: bin Laden's four wives and many children, his deputies and military strategists, his spiritual advisor, the CIA, Pakistan's ISI, and many others who have never before told their stories.

Investigative journalists Cathy Scott-Clark and Adrian Levy gained unique access to Osama bin Laden's inner circle, and they recount the flight of Al Qaeda's forces and bin Laden's innocent family members, the gradual formation of ISIS by bin Laden's lieutenants, and bin Laden's rising paranoia and eroding control over his organization. They also reveal that the Bush White House knew the whereabouts of bin Laden's family and Al Qaeda's military and religious leaders, but rejected opportunities to capture them, pursuing war in the Persian Gulf instead, and offer insights into how Al Qaeda will attempt to regenerate itself in the coming years.

While we think we know what happened in Abbottabad on May 2, 2011, we know little about the wilderness years that led to that shocking event. As authoritative in its scope and detail as it is propuslively readable, The Exile is a landmark work of investigation and reporting.

Available at: www.amazon.com








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